The Aqaid that will be presented will be the Aqaid (Beliefs) of the Ahl as-Sunnah Wal Jama’ah, according to the school of the jusrist of this Religion, Imaam Abu Haneefah an-Nu’man ibn Thabit al-Kufi.
From Hadhrat Adam Alayhis Salaam up until the Prophet صلي الله عليه و سلم every Prophet has brought into this world the message and Divine Law of Allah Ta’ala.
It is a known fact that each Prophet was a leader of a nation; the nation of Hadhrat Mussa عليه السلام being known as the Jews; the nation of Hadhrat Esa عليه السلام being known as the Christians; whilst the nation of the beloved Prophet Muhammad صلي الله عليه و سلم came to be known as the Muslims.
The nations, in their own era, were on the correct path; the path leading to Allah Ta’ala. However, when the Prophet صلي الله عليه و سلم was sent as a Mercy to mankind, all other religions and nations were terminated and were asked to follow our beloved Prophet صلي الله عليه و سلم.
The Shari’ah (Divine Law) of each nation deffered to some extent; no two Laws being exactly the same. The people of Mussa عليه السلام were expected to sacrifice their lives in order to acquire the forgiveness from Allah Ta’ala whereas this is not the case for the nation of the beloved Prophet صلي الله عليه و سلم. Similary, people from previous nations were asked to cut the piece of their flesh where drops of urine may have touched the body. However, this again is not the case of the nation of the beloved Prophet صلي الله عليه و سلم.
Despite these differences in Shari’ah the Prophets were all sent to convey and deliver one message; the message of the Oneness of Allah Ta’ala. These differences that varied from nation to nation became known as the Furoo’ of Deen (branches of Religion) whereas the Usool of Deen (fundamentals of Religion) remained the same.
The beliefs of Islam is amongst the fundamentals of Islam. Those things in the religion of Islam that do not change with neither time nor nation. The beliefs that were sent upon the people of Adam عليه السلام are the same that were sent for the people of the Prophet Muhammad صلي الله عليه و سلم.
Insha Allah, in the following posts, the beliefs will be listed with a brief explanation.